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Hajj

HAJJ

After entering into the Islamic Fold or community by accepting the Faith (Eiman) as heartland pronouncing the said Faith through verbal declaration Four Fundamental modes of worship (Ibadat) become obligatory in every Muslim.

CONDITIONS FOR HAJJ

There are eight (8) conditions for the Hajj which must be all present at the time of performing Hajj to make the Hajj, Farz (obligatory). These conditions are:

  1. To be a Muslim.
  2. If he is residing in Darul Harb (literally it means a city or place which is at war with Islam. In general ENNOTAHAN it stands for any un-Islamic country) and it should affirmed that the obligation of Hajj is declared as such for the residents of that place.
  3. To be major in age(Baligh).
  4. Possessing normal sensibility (Aqal). Note Hajj is not Farz on a person who is mentally deranged.
  5. To be independent or Free (not a slave)
  6. In good health to go to the Hajj and perform various rites etc. with fortitude.
    NOTE: Hajj is not obligatory on a handicapped person, a blind and one whose legs have been WIMPUTED, or one who is so old and DECEXPIT who is unable to sit a right on a carriage of riding animal.
  7. He should possess enough resources and be capable to BEAR THE TO AND FRO expenses of Hajj (it means that before proceeding for Hajj he should leave sufficient money for the household expenses in his absence after meeting all expenses such as travel ,transport, stay at the Holy Places etc. This means the money/resources left at home should SUFFICE the expenses for a moderate clan of family, which he used to support and eater for the needs of his own family and those dependent on him for their essential necessities, known as Haajat-e-Asliyah which includes the living accommodation clothes of normal use, servants, riding animals, vocational implements, cooking and eating material, borrowings or dues such as loan or dowry.
  8. Time: Hajj shall become obligatory at such at time if before proceeding for Hajj he possesses such amount of money that will cover his expenses up to Mecca Moazzama and back to be there at the time of Hajj.
IN HAJJ FOLLOWING THINGS ARE WAJIB.
  1. To put on Ahram from any of the prescribed Meeqats. One should move ahead of Meeqat without Ahram. It is however permissible if any one puts on Ahram before arriving at Meeqat.
  2. Sa'ee (running between Safa and Marwa).
  3. To begin Sa'ee from Safa.
  4. To perform sa'ee on foot.
  5. To do Tawaf before proceeding for Sa'ee.
  6. If Arafa (staying at Arafat) is done during the day time, then he must stay there till the sun set and come darkness of night becomes visible.
  7. It is wajib to begin wuqoof after the decline of sun at any part of the day.
  8. To follow Imam on return from Arafat. However if the Imam for reason is leaving late from Arafat, the pilgrim can start early.
  9. To stay at Muzdalfah and offer Maghrib and Isha combined at Muzdalfah.
  10. Rami: To strike Jamraa on 10th, 11th and 12th which means on the 10th only at Jamratul Aqaba and strike stones on all three Jamraa, on 11th and 12th.
  11. Rami at Jamraa Aqaba on the first Day (10th) before the haircut.
  12. To do rami on all days at the same time of each day.
  13. Hair cut (shaving of head) or shortening the hair on the Days of Nahr.
  14. Tawaf after the Hateem by the right side, which means that Kaaba should be on left side of the man doing Tawaf.
  15. To do Tawaf on foot.
  16. While doing Tawaf one should he with wazu or ghus'l (ablution or bath). If he is without wazu or bath, he must start Tawaf afresh.
  17. To keep the shame parts of the body hidden while doing Tawaf.
  18. To offer two rakats of Namaz after the Tawaf. This is wajib but if not done, Dam will not be necessary, while for other wajib referred to above and those follow, dam is essential if any of these wajibs is omitted.
  19. There should order in Rami slaughtering the animal and Halq (head shave) and Tawaf one after the other.
  20. TAWAF-E-SADR or the Farewell (Wida) for all those who live beyond the territories of Meeqat.
  21. Ladies who are in Menses or in uncleanliness should wait till are purified. However in case of travel by caravan the affected can leave with the Tawaf-e-Wida in that state if the scheduled departure of the caravan is announced.
  22. There should be no cohabiting with wife after the Woquf-e-Arafa and before the haircut, (Note: If during the Tawaf the shame parts become open, the Dam shall become binding.

In addition to these wajibs there are some more wajibs on the omission of which `dam' does not become binding.

These are:

  1. on account of some ailment etc not to have hair shave.
  2. not to delay the Namaz-e-Maghrib till the time of Isha so that they be offered combinedly.