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These are known as the 'Shara'it-e-Namaz and are as follows.

  1. Cleanliness
  2. The covering of the body

  3. Time

  4. Facing Qibla

  5. Intention

  6. The call to start Namaz (Takbeer-e-Tahrima)


There are seven actions within Namaz which are Farz.

  1. Takbeer-e-Tahrima - meaning the first 'Allah-o-Akbar'(or any other word which would praise Allah) with which the Namaz begins.
  2. Qayaam - meaning to stand until the Farz Qira’at is completed.
  3. Qira’at - meaning to pray at least one verse of the Holy Quran
  4. Rukooh - meaning to bend so that that the hands reach the knees
  5. Sujood - meaning the forehead to firmly touch the ground and at least one toe on each foot to be flat so that it's base is touching the ground and it's tip is pointing towards the Qibla.
  6. Qaidah-e-Akhira - meaning when the Raka'ats of Namaz are completed to sit for the duration it takes so the whole of Tashahhud (attahiyat) is completed until 'Rusooluh.
  7. Khurooj-e-Be'sunoo'i - meaning after Qaida-e-Akhira to perform an action with which the Namaz would finish, whether that be Salaam or to talk etc.
  1. In the Takbeer-e-Tahrima to use the words 'Allah-o-Akbar'.
  2. To pray the whole of the Alhamdo Surah.
  3. To join a Surah or a verse (Ayat) with Alhamdo. In a Farz Namaz, for the first two Raka'ats and in a Witr, Sunnat or Nafl Namaz, in all the Raka'ats.
  4. To pray before a Surah or Ayat, Alhamdo only once.
  5. Between Alhamdo and a Surah not to pray anything except 'Ameen' and Bismillah.
  6. To go into Rukoo as soon as the Qira’at is finished.
  7. To perform one Sajdah after another without having a delayed gap in between. The gap must be no longer than one Rukun, meaning the time it takes someone to say 'Subhanallah' three times.
  8. To pause between actions, meaning a gap of time the same as at least one 'Subhanallah' between, Rukoo, Sajdah, Qawma and Jalsa.
  9. Qawma, meaning to stand up straight after Rukoo.
  10. When in Sajdah to have three toes on each foot to be flat on the ground and the tips pointing towards Qibla.
  11. Jalsa, meaning to sit up between two Sajdahs.
  12. Qaidah-e-Oola, meaning to sit after two Raka'ats, if there are more than two Raka'ats in a Namaz, whether it is a Nafl (voluntary) Namaz.
  13. Not to continue further after Tashahhud (Attahiyat) in a Qaida-e-Oola for a Farz, Witr or Sunnat-e-Muaqqida Namaz.
  14. To pray in both Qaidahs the whole of Tashahhud, in fact, regardless of the amount of Qaidahs in a Namaz to pray the whole of Tashahhud is Wajib, if even one word is left out of Attahiyat, the Wajib will be missed.
  15. In both Salaams, the word Salaam is Wajib, the words 'Alaikum Wa Rahmutullah' is not Wajib.
  16. To pray 'Dua-e-Kunoot' in Witr.
  17. To perform Takbeer in Kunoot (To lift your hands and say Allah-o-Akbar in the thirdRaka'at of Witr).
  18. All six Takbeers of Namaz e Eid
  19. The Takbeers in the second Raka'at of the Namaz e Eid and for them to have the words 'Allah-o-Akbar.
  20. The Imam to pray loudly in all Jehri Namaz and to pray quietly in non Jehri Namaz.
  21. To pray all Farz and Wajib Namaz in routine (meaning to pray the before one's before and the after one's after).
  22. To perform only one Rukoo in every Raka'at and to perform only two Sajdahs.
  23. Not to perform a Qaidah before two Raka'ats and not to perform a Qaida in the third Raka'at if it is a four Raka'at Namaz.
  24. To perform Sajdah-e-Tilawat if an Ayat of Sajdah has been prayed.
  25. If there has been an error (where a Wajib has been missed) then to perform Sajdah-e-Sahoo.
  26. There is not to be a gap between two Farz actions or between two Wajib actions or a Farz and a Wajib actions longer than the time it takes to say Subhan allah three times.
  27. If the Imam is performing Qira’at, whether it is loudly or quietly, the Muqtadees to remain completely quiet.
  28. Except for Qira’at, to follow the Imam in all the Wajibs.

Except for the Farz and Wajib actions, all the rest of the actions mentioned in the method of Namaz are either Sunnat or Mustahhab. They should not be missed on purpose, and if they are missed by mistake then it is not necessary to perform Sajdah-e-Sahoo nor repeat the Namaz. If however, you repeated the Namaz then it is a good thing. If you want to know in more detail the Sunnats and Mustahhabs then read either "Bahar-e-Shariat" or "Fatawa-e-Razvia" as we have not gone into small details or abbreviated them here.


When is Sajdah-e-Sahoo Wajib ?

If those actions which are Wajib in Namaz are not performed by mistake, it is Wajib to perform the Sajdah-e-Sahoo to substitute for the action missed.

  1. Speaking nullifies the Namaz, meaning to speak in Namaz would break the Namaz whether it was done purposely or by mistake one half of a word or more.
  2. Speech that breaks the Namaz is when the voice is loud enough so that you can hear it yourself even if it makes no sense.
  3. If you greet someone even by mistake the Namaz will break whether you have only got to say 'Assalam' and have not had the chance to say 'Alaikum'.
  4. If you reply to someone by voice then the Namaz will break and if you make an indication by hand or head then this is Makrooh [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Alamgiri].
  5. If you sneeze in Namaz then do not say 'Alhamdolillah', if however, you do the Namaz will not break [Alamgiri].
  6. If you say 'Alhamdolillah' in reply to hearing good news or when hearing bad news 'Inna Lillahi Wa inna ilaihi Ra'ji'oon' or when you are shocked 'Subhanallah' or'Allaho Akbar' then the Namaz will break, if the words are not said in reply to the news then the Namaz will not break.
  7. When clearing the throat and two words are said such as 'Akh too' and there is not a real necessity then the Namaz will break. If there is a real need such as for a health reason or you needed to clear your throat because when praying the Quran you had difficulty, or you needed to inform the Imam of a mistake, or you needed to make someone aware that you were praying the Namaz then the Namaz will not break.
  8. If the Muqtadee corrected someone except for his Imam by saying a verse of the Quran then the Namaz will break.
  9. If the Imam took a correction off anyone except for his Muqtadees then the Namaz will break.
  10. If someone due to pain or difficulty said 'aah' 'ooh' 'oof 'tuf or cried out loudly and a sound was heard then the Namaz will break. If someone cried and no sound was heard only tears dropped then the Namaz will not break [Alamgiri, Radd-ul-Mohtar]. If from an ill person the words 'aah' 'ooh' 'tuf came out without his control then the Namaz will not break. In the same way the words that come out when sneezing, coughing, yawning which are without control does not break the Namaz [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
  11. If when praying the Quran you physically read it whilst in Namaz or read it off the Mehrab will break the Namaz. If you are praying the Quran off by heart and your view went on the Mehrab or somewhere where the Quran was written then the Namaz will not break [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
  12. If you perform Amal-e-Kaseer and is not part of Namaz or done to correct the Namaz, then the Namaz will break. Amal-e-Qalil will not break the Namaz. Amar-e-Kaseer is an act whereby if someone from far looked at the person praying Namaz, they would be certain that he is not in Namaz or they have a definite doubt that they are in Namaz and this would break the Namaz. Amal-e-Qalil is when a person from far has doubt whether he is in Namaz or not, then this would not break the Namaz.
  13. To eat or drink in Namaz will break the Namaz, whether it is large in quantity or small, whether it was eaten by mistake or deliberately up to the extent that if an item the size of a linseed was swallowed without even chewing it or a drop of water fell into the mouth and you swallowed it, then the Namaz will break.
  14. Death, insanity, unconsciousness, all will break the Namaz. If you wake up before the time has passed then perform the Ada Namaz again, and if you wake up after the time of Namaz then perform Qaza, as long as it is within twenty four hours meaning before the time of six Namaz has passed. If you regain consciousness or sanity after six Namaz has passed then the Qaza is not Wajib
    [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
  15. If you broke your Wuzu deliberately or for some reason a bath became obligatory, then the Namaz will break.
  16. If you missed an obligatory aspect of Namaz and did not perform it in that Namaz then the Namaz will break.
  17. If you missed a condition of Namaz without cause, then the Namaz will break.
  18. If after the last Qaidah you remembered that you had to perform a Sajdah for that Namaz or a Sajdah for Tilaawat and you performed that and then did not repeat the last Qaidah, then the Namaz will break.
  19. If you performed an act whilst you were sleeping in Namaz and then you woke up again and did not perform that act again, then the Namaz will not count.